Mental Health Matters – Different Types of Depression

Mental Health Matters - Different Types of Depression

Hannah Ossowski, Writer

As stated earlier this week, depression affects millions of people in the United States, adults and teens alike.  Depression can sometimes be a “catch-all” phrase that is tossed around for someone who is down or struggling, but in fact, there are many subcategories to depression and varying symptoms.  We have some brief  descriptions below:

There are many types of depression, but some have similar symptoms .

Major Depression-If you feel depressed most of the time for most days of the week.

Persistent Depressive Disorder -If you have depression that lasts for 2 years or longer .

Bipolar Disorder-Has mood episodes that range from extremes of high energy with an “Up”mood to low “depressive ” periods.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)-Is a period of major depression that most often happens during the winter months,when the days grow short and you get less and less sunlight .

Psychotic Depression-People with Psychotic Depression have the symptoms of major depression along with “Psychotic Symptoms”

Postpartum Depression-Is when Women who have major depression in the weeks and months after childbirth may have postpartum depression.

Situational Depression-You can have a depressed mood when you’re having trouble managing a stressful event in your life , such as a death in your family , a divorce, or losing your job . Your doctor may call this “Stress Response Syndrome”

Atypical Depression-This type is different from the persistent sadness of typical depression.It is considered to be a “Specifier” that describes a pattern of depressive symptoms. If you have atypical depression , a positive event can temporarily improve your mood.

Treatment Resistant Depression -About 1/3 of people treated for depression try several treatment methods without success . If that’s you, you might have treatment resistant depression . If you’re diagnosed with treatment resistant depression, your doctor might recommend some less conventional treatment options.

And remember if you feel you are suffering from depression, please reach out to someone you trust- a friend, teacher, counselor, minister/clergy, parent, or a hotline listed below .